Afar Region's map and location of the projects' area
Non Formal Education
Non formal education is systematic learning opportunities organized outside the frame work of the formal system of education, and that is addressing the learning needs of specific target groups.
It is a system of learning which is characterized by flexibility ,capacity to recognize and creatively utilize diversity ,and transparency in terms of the degree of openness –open access ,open
learning ,and limitless opportunities to release the creative potential of the learners .Ethiopia is still characterized by low enrolment rates, unsatisfactory learning achievement of students
and high drop out rates, particularly after grade 1. The denial of the right to education hurts people’s capacity to work productively to sustain and protect themselves and their families'
Despite the efforts, however, the country basically remains the land of the thumbprint. Comparatively, the dropout rate for girls is higher than for boys, and the largest number of girls drop out in grade one. From those who enroll in grade one, 53 percent of the boys and 48 percent of the girls reach grade five. This rate is of a particular interest since the completion of at least four years of schooling is commonly considered a prerequisite for sustainable literacy. Similar to other cases, the rate for girls is lower than that of boys. Low participation rate, high dropout, repetition, poor quality of education, rigid curricula, and regional, gender, urban and rural disparities characterize the Ethiopian educational system.
Some of the multifaceted problems of access of education in the country include :
- Parents' un-willingness to send to school their children because of ignorance and their inclination to exploit their labors. In addition, especially mothers also highly need the support of their daughters in house hold tasks.
- The proximity of schools from the communities has also hindered children from coming to school. Furthermore, females will be exposed for sexual abuse which includes violence, rape and abduction.
- Large class size limits the admission of new children in school.
- The increase in school dropouts due to various reasons at national level.
One of the most important causes of poverty in the area is illiteracy, which is resulted from lack of schools and teachers. Also, the low level awareness of the community has an influence to undertake education in the area in a well-established manner. Parents are preferred that their children are become a shepherd field or working in the house rather than go to school.
The poverty is coupled with rapid population growth. Most of the people in the project sites are illiterate because of lack of access to education. The socio-economic conditions of the community are largely affected by demographic factor, in-appropriate use of resources, harmful traditional practices, ignorance and other social problems. Fertility rate is high so that family size becomes large. The demand for child labor by the family (economic value of children) associated with low family planning services have negatively impacted on access of education.
Response to the problem : We are encouraging experiences in the domain
of non-formal education undertaking in the village school at the remote nomadic area of Afar pastoral region at Gewane town,Ayroli and Gebaya Bora Farmer associations. The education is provided
near their home in one teacher, one room and the school identical to their house system It is given by two shifts,which are the students get a leisure time to help their families. More than 500
children have now been attending in the non-formal education stream, compared to 80 at the beginnig in 2004, and the number of teachers raised from 1 to 1O. We have now providing the program
- Supplementary food
- School Material
- House Utensils (pan, caps)
-Constructed two village schools
- Teachers employed
For the beginning of the school year 2011 to 2012, we built 20 desks - two children per desk - windows and doors for the school, thanks to our students of the metal work training program in Addis Ababa. Using our program's skills to improve another project is really important for us in terms of training for the students who are not only beneficiaries but a part of the help we give - moral and physical involvement - and un term of costs. Indeed, buiding buy ourselves is cheaper than make it build by a company.
Small scale irrigation crop farm
Identified problem in the area : The Afar Region is the less developped area of the country. Recurrent drought, which impacting on both livestock and human is the major problem in the area,. Low level if the community awareness, nomadic culture, we also affected the community. The ecological and economic crisis of the past few decades have resulted in the emergence of large number of pastorals who do not possess sufficient food for their livelihood.
Response to the problem : we have been undertaking small-scale irrigation farm project in zone 3 of Afar Region. Our intervention has been in the reconvertion of pastorals to agricultural activities (agricultural settlement scheme through small-scale irrigation farm system). The on going small scale irrigation farm project components are:
1.Agro pastoral farm production
2.Small Scale Irrigation farm
-Providing hand tools and seeds
-Pesticide control service
-Water pump & machineries provision
-Providing traditional farm equipments
-Food support (wage given monthly)
-Providing improved farm equipment
-Training farmer in traditional farming system
Aytelae Hantuta, one the beneficiary from Ayroli said that YCDMF did a remarkable work in changing the life of pastorals in the area. More than 40 households at Ayroli can produce more than 3,000 quintals of maize in each harvesting period, three times a year in the average. According to Hantuta the farmers are now using the straw to feed their cattle. As a result of this they become saved from the current worst heat of Drought.